What's The Difference Between Biodegradable And Compostable?

Jun 10, 2020by Olivia - F&F


Here at Flora & Fauna, one of the questions that we get asked the most is…

“What’s the difference between biodegradable and compostable?”

We hear you! It can be tricky to work out the difference between the two – especially with confusing labels and the rise of ‘greenwashing’ tactics. Some companies even use them interchangeably, which leads the consumer to believe that they are the same thing. 

There’s actually a difference between a biodegradable product and a compostable product. But, to put it simply – whether an item is compostable or biodegradable, it must be placed in an environment that facilitates its breakdown. 

While all compostable material is biodegradable, not all biodegradable material is compostable. 

Let’s explore this further!


What's The Difference Between Biodegradable And Compostable?What's The Difference Between Biodegradable And Compostable?



The word “bio-degradable” means “susceptible to decomposition by living organisms” (like bacteria and fungi) and consists of three words: “bio“, “degrade” and “able“. 

Plant-based, animal-based or natural mineral-based products are usually biodegradable. Biodegradable products, given the right conditions, will break down and disintegrate back into the Earth. This process may take months or years – depending on the product. Biodegradable items such as paper, food scraps and untreated wood will break down relatively quickly. Some products, such as steel, will eventually rust and disintegrate back into the Earth. Lots and lots of products are biodegradable so the term is used very frequently and used to confuse and greenwash in some cases.

It’s really important to consider where the product is breaking down, too. There’s a big difference between throwing an apple core or banana peel into your backyard – as opposed to a landfill. Products that will biodegrade in nature may not biodegrade properly in landfills, where there's not enough bacteria, light, and water to move the process along.


PROS: Biodegradable products are able to break down and disintegrate back into the Earth, unlike non-biodegradable products such as plastic.

CONS: While biodegradable products inevitably return to nature, some highly processed biodegradable products may leave behind toxic residue. 

Note: biodegradable and degradable are not the same thing. Degradable means living things are required to break it down. eg plastic that breaks down into microplastics. 

What's The Difference Between Biodegradable And Compostable?What's The Difference Between Biodegradable And Compostable?



Compostable products break down quite quickly in a compostable environment and leave behind a nutrient-rich organic material called humus, which creates a healthy soil environment for new plant growth! 

Most compost bins require a layering process to achieve the perfect environment for breaking down materials. It’s usually a mix of ‘brown’ (dead leaves, paper, twigs) and ‘green’ (garden clippings, kitchen scraps) layers. It needs to be moist, but not too wet. The compost bin must be covered (to retain heat and moisture) and aerated every week or two. Within a couple of months (depending on the size of the compost bin) you’ll have a bunch of ‘black gold’ soil that can be used in your garden! Composting is a great example of a closed-loop system – because there is absolutely no waste at the end of the process. 

PROS: Compostable products are great for the environment; they take less time to break down and don’t leave behind any toxic residue (as opposed to some biodegradable options) and can provide the Earth with nutrients once they are fully broken down. Compostable products can be composted in your own backyard, or in a handy Urban Composter!

CONS: Composting can be a little bit time-consuming, and it can be tricky to achieve the perfect environment for the materials to break down properly.  

Composting at HomeComposting at Home


If you’re curious about composting at home, check out these blogs on The Eco Hub:

Beginner’s Guide to Composting 

Composting For Every Home 

How to Compost in an Apartment 

Pela Compostable Phone CasesPela Compostable Phone Cases



Here at Flora & Fauna, we have a great range of biodegradable and compostable products so you can lose the single-use plastic.

These BioBag Compostable Bin Liners compost fully within 45 days. The liners are perfect to sort food scraps from other waste – just pop it into your composter when it’s full!

Preserve Compostables have a great range of compostable home/party products – like plates, bowls, cups and straws. No more single-use plastic at parties! Check out the products here

The Safix Scrub Pads and the Retro Kitchen Dish Cloths are biodegradable and compostable, meaning that they are certain to break down properly (no matter where they are discarded). 

More Articles

World Oceans Day 2020
Jun 05, 2020by Justine - F&F
How To Protect Your Skin From Blue Light
Jun 12, 2020by Anna - Edible Beauty